First time visitors can be overwhelmed in a new city, but actually if you just sit back and relax most cities are pretty easy to get around in and explore. Many large cities have a city tour, which can be a great way to get acquainted with a new city. Also when you first get to your hotel, ask the reception if they have a city map, and pick-up a hotel name-card and stick it in your wallet to make sure you can always get back home.
Once you are ready to go exploring there are many ways to get around a city:
By far the easiest and most effective way to explore a new city is on foot. You can ask the reception where there are close markets and restaurants, or just head out on your own. If you are in a big city, the reception can also warn you of areas and times to avoid walking.
Another healthy and fun option is to rent a bicycle. This gives you a lot more mobility, but remember you have to lock up the bicycle and worry about where to keep it. Because of traffic, bicycle rental may not work in larger cities, but it is a great option for smaller towns.
Foreign taxis are generally pretty safe, but bad things can happen. It is worthwhile to know some basic safety precautions and ways to avoid being scammed. Not all foreign taxi drivers are out to rip you off, but it does happen.
In larger cities buses can be a convenient way of getting around, and if there is a tram – that is even better. The drawback of buses is that it takes more effort to figure out the bus system, bus stops and how to pay. However for going across town, buses are the most economical form of transport and if you can work ou the system then almost any area of the city is accessible.
The largest cities will have subways or metros and are a fantastic way of getting around the larger cities. Subway, tube, underground, metro... Whatever you call them, in well-developed cities, subways move people around the city efficiently and cheaply. If the city has a subway system, then it is well worth taking the time to figuring out how to get around on it.